Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan and is extremely significant for its geopolitical location. One would assume it to be in a healthier condition considering its plentiful resources, geography, and size. Unfortunately, that is not so because of various socio-economic issues influenced terrorism, insurgency, local militancy. Both the civilian and military administration are equally responsible for the low development of Balochistan. It is a common narrative that people of Balochistan have been deprived of their rights whereas the scenario is quite opposite.
Pakistan is an organized state working in a proper framework. A proper state apparatus is running the state which fixes the share of every province suitably. The underdeveloped provinces like FATA, Gilgit Baltistan and Balochistan have been catered by the quota system in the past. These Quota systems were quite effective for the people of Balochistan and they could easily sync with the mainstream of Pakistan.
The federal government allocated 6 percent of federal jobs for Balochistan to provide them proper representation in the state. These jobs could be attained by just having the domicile of Balochistan issuing which is the prime responsibility of the District Commissioner (DC). Apart from the quota system, the Prime Minister of Pakistan announced a special program for Balochistan last year. The program was named “Aghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan”. This program consists of a lot of benefits such as scholarships from HEC, overseas scholarships, loan scheme, remuneration to the militants who surrender to the Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) and various job opportunities for people of Balochistan. As the name of the project symbolizes, this was only to provide equal rights and treatment to the people of Balochistan.
Recent data presented to the National Assembly shows that there are approximately 8000 seats against 11500 federal government posts reserved for Balochistan under the said program. However, 3500 of these seats are vacant in various ministries like defence, water and power, industries, production, and post offices. These details were shared by the Establishment Division’s research centre which has especially been designed to collect the data of vacant and occupied posts.
Most of these job vacancies are in the Ministry of Water and Power. There are 838 jobs in grade 1 to 20, of which 815 fall in the category of grade 1 to 16. Furthermore, the report revealed that 584 jobs are vacant in the Ministry of Industries and Production, whereas the Ministry of Defence has 460 vacant posts. 308 of these are in grade 17 to 22, of which 230 are solely of grade 17.
People of the province are not aware of these vacancies. It’s the prime responsibility of the provisional government to set up a committee or initiate a government institution for job consultation. NTS and FPISC can initiate a framework so these posts would be filled effectively. This is an essential requirement because the Baloch people are not aware of these things and hence suffer at the hands of unemployment.