The United States of America has fought a vulnerable war in Vietnam and Afghanistan. Despite the fact that they had to bear a heavy loss in Afghanistan, they are still facing resistance. State department defines the kind of warfare they have faced in Vietnam and Afghanistan as irregular warfare or unconventional warfare. According to the States Department’s definition of unconventional warfare, ‘unconventional warfare consists of activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt or overthrow an occupying power or government by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary or guerrilla force in a denied area’. Similarly, Pakistan from last two decades is facing unconventional warfare which is an amalgamation of insurgency, sectarianism, chaos and psy-ops. The most effective part of this warfare of Pakistan is in Balochistan. In this era where Pakistan is going towards mega projects like CPEC, Balochistan is still feeling security threats like insurgency and sectarianism. But most importantly they are below the threshold level and the environment is quite stable as compared to last decade.

Recently the Chief Minister Nawab Sanaullah Zehri of Balochistan said that Pakistan is having internal and external threats. Moreover, specifically Balochistan is fighting terrorism on two fronts, one side which is Baloch dominated is facing so-called freedom fighters on the pay roll of hostile neighbors. Furthermore, the sectarian terrorists and religious fanatics are from the Pakhtun dominated areas of Balochistan. He further elaborated an outrageous activity that a block militant killed an innocent man, that’s not a crime but an act of terrorism.

Analyzing the situation of Balochistan the government is facing religious fanatics and sectarian terrorism in the Pashto speaking region whereas the insurgent and militants are from the Baloch speaking region. The banned militant outfits like LeJ operate in Mustang, Hub, and different areas of Balochistan without considering the Baloch or Pashtun dominated regions.

Chief Minister Nawab Sanaullah Zehri of Balochistan said that ‘3000 fighters had laid down their arms before the security forces and now they were being helped in their early rehabilitation, while their children were being educated’. He focused on the situation being under control, people who were hiding in the mountains and caves came back in the mainstream and the government is facilitating them. Pointing out towards the real aggressors Chief Minister said that those culprits who are having a lavish and luxurious life abroad have not even 1% support of the local population. People are not educated in Balochistan, they question their self-exile and totally deny their leadership. Furthermore, they were involved in disturbing the peace in Balochistan which is directly linked to regional stability. They don’t even belong to Balochistan, the real representatives of Balochistan are the ones who are sitting in the Senate and National Assembly. Particular reason behind the statement is that people of Balochistan have selected them.

Chief Minister occasionally offered the Baloch militants a lifeline in which he demanded them to surrender and come under the banner of the state. The state will provide them security, economic privileges as the state already did with Ferraris. But if they will not surrender they will deal accordingly. Nothing is more than the writ of the state. He further said, ‘There will be no settlement with the militants nor the government will come under pressure’.

So, the situation is not very unclear if the terrorist and insurgents will surrender they will be inculcated in the mainstream of Pakistan. Negotiations can be done with them but no foolish demands will be entertained. if they won’t negotiate or surrender they will face deadly consequences. Political Leadership, Law Enforcement Agencies and the local population of Balochistan are on the same page regarding the fate of these insurgents and militants.



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